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Наверное, объяснять это лучше будет на ологах.
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Влад ([livejournal.com profile] juan_gandhi) дал ссылку на интервью с [сумасшедшим] профессором из UC Irvine. Вот этa идея мне показалась ценной:
Hoffman: Suppose in reality there’s a resource, like water, and you can quantify how much of it there is in an objective order—very little water, medium amount of water, a lot of water. Now suppose your fitness function is linear, so a little water gives you a little fitness, medium water gives you medium fitness, and lots of water gives you lots of fitness—in that case, the organism that sees the truth about the water in the world can win, but only because the fitness function happens to align with the true structure in reality. Generically, in the real world, that will never be the case. Something much more natural is a bell curve—say, too little water you die of thirst, but too much water you drown, and only somewhere in between is good for survival. Now the fitness function doesn’t match the structure in the real world. And that’s enough to send truth to extinction. For example, an organism tuned to fitness might see small and large quantities of some resource as, say, red, to indicate low fitness, whereas they might see intermediate.


Получается, что у нас есть "незаметная глазу" огромная дыра, заполненная водой. По какой-то причине мы не умеем использовать этот ресурс, но если вдруг..., то дыра становится полезной нишей бесконечных размеров.

В теории Любарского есть идея пустоты, где мало ресурсов, поэтому в них на грани выживания пасутся маргиналы (левая сторона положительной линейной зависимости). А в модели Хоффмана, есть еще и маргиналы, которые пасутся на грани пустоты с огромными ресурсами (правая сторона зависимости).

Eureka!

Nov. 11th, 2016 01:26 pm
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TIL that the human capital theory of labor is no longer applicable. Instead, we should use the Thurow's model of the job market. I think the model would provide a plausible explanation for the 2016 election results:
...the level of job in the job queue that is available to an individual will depend not simply on how much education – or thus human capital – he or she has acquired but on how much relative to others in the labour queue or, in other words, on his or her position in this queue (Thurow, 1983: 95-7).

When jobs are scarce competition among workers intensifies. The perception is that if you are a straight white man you are the last one in the queue.

This idea should be fairly easy to test in the field.

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