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this duality is cast as “facticity” and “transcendence.” The “givens” of our situation such as our language, our environment, our previous choices and our very selves in their function as in-itself constitute our facticity. As conscious individuals, we transcend (surpass) this facticity in what constitutes our “situation.” In other words, we are always beings “in situation,” but the precise mixture of transcendence and facticity that forms any situation remains indeterminable, at least while we are engaged in it. Hence Sartre concludes that we are always “more” than our situation and that this is the ontological foundation of our freedom. We are “condemned” to be free, in his hyperbolic phrase.

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Если я принимаю решение "от противного", это значит, что мы с противником "живем" в одной категории. Schadenfreude из той же серии. Стандартная ошибка интуитивных решений (по Канеману).

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Наверное, объяснять это лучше будет на ологах.
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FW - represents Heidegger's For-the-Sake-of-Which.
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Now the problem is how to explain its beauty to the non-converted.
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Сегодня порисовал вот такие диаграммы, и на душе как-то полегчало. Все-таки Universal Property очень ценная идея. Надо бы научиться ею правильно пользоваться.

Yin - Yang

Feb. 22nd, 2017 10:17 pm
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Я опять все понимаю, даже лучше прежнего.

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What good is there for me in knowing how to divide a piece of land into shares, if I know not how to share it with my brother? - Seneca.
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“The social intuitionist model offers an explanation of why moral and political arguments are so frustrating: because moral reasons are the tail wagged by the intuitive dog. A dog’s tail wags to communicate. You can’t make a dog happy by forcibly wagging its tail. And you can’t change people’s minds by utterly refuting their arguments.”

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Jonathan Haidt. “The Righteous Mind: Why Good People Are Divided by Politics and Religion.” iBooks.
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- On the one hand you should trust your competence to be confident in the outcome of a risky project.

- On the other hand you should not trust your competence to make sure you don't make stupid mistakes.

I wonder how we can diagram and solve this dilemma. It looks like a typical trade-off that draws on a limited resources, but I can't put my finger on it. This is somewhat similar to Adam Smith's passionate-dispassionate dichotomy in The Theory of Moral Sentiments.
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On the one hand, you want to live by the sea and take advantage of commerce opportunities. On the other hand, you don't want to live by the sea because of piracy:
With respect to their towns, later on, at an era of increased facilities of navigation and a greater supply of capital, we find the shores becoming the site of walled towns, and the isthmuses being occupied for the purposes of commerce and defence against a neighbour. But the old towns, on account of the great prevalence of piracy, were built away from the sea, whether on the islands or the continent, and still remain in their old sites. For the pirates used to plunder one another, and indeed all coast populations, whether seafaring or not.
Planted on an isthmus, Corinth had from time out of mind been a commercial emporium; as formerly almost all communication between the Hellenes within and without Peloponnese was carried on overland, and the Corinthian territory was the highway through which it travelled.

-- Thucydides. The History of the Peloponnesian War.

need to diagram the dilemma and its solution.
also see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piraeus#Ancient_and_medieval_times
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Закончил читать нобелевскую лекцию Елинор Остром. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economic-sciences/laureates/2009/ostrom-lecture.html
Теперь мне немного лучше понятны механизмы возникновения современного протеста в США и Британии.
Вытащу длинную цитату, в которой говорится об основных принципах успешного решения дилеммы пользования общими ресурсамиRead more... )

Быстрое объединение Европы и велферная иммиграция (особенно мусульманская) нарушает правила, выработанные сообществами. В Америке это больше относится к эффектам от глобализации до обамакэр и транджендер туалетов. Когда федеральное или европейское правительство навяззывает свои решения, это воспринимается как усиление разрушающего эффекта.


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